Author(s) / Editor(s): 
Hernán RincónDiego RodríguezJorge ToroSantiago Téllez

FISCO: modelo fiscal para Colombia

1
Julio
2017

El gobierno es un agente que influye sobre la actividad económica a lo largo del ciclo económico mediante sus políticas tributaria y de gasto. El objetivo de este documento es construir un modelo fiscal de equilibrio general dinámico y estocástico neo keynesiano para Colombia (FISCO), en donde el gobierno juega un papel preponderante en la economía. Las cinco principales conclusiones del documento muestran que: la inflación compete tanto a la política monetaria como a la política fiscal; los choques a la política fiscal son contrarrestados en cierto grado por la política monetaria, pero choques a esta última son refrendados por la política fiscal; el recorte al gasto público de inversión impacta en mayor medida a la economía que el ajuste al de funcionamiento, y la regla fiscal estabiliza las finanzas públicas, pero ante ciertos choques.

 

The government is an agent that influences economic activity throughout the economic cycle, thereby affecting a country's real and nominal variables through income and spending policies. The purpose of this document is to construct a neo-Keynesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model (DSGE) for Colombia in which the government plays a key role in the economy. The five main conclusions of the document show that inflation is relevant for both monetary and fiscal policies; shocks to fiscal policy are offset to a certain degree by monetary policy, while shocks to monetary policy are endorsed by fiscal policy; additionally, cuts to public investment impact economic cycles to a greater extent than government spending cuts, and the fiscal rule helps to stabilize government finances in the face of certain shocks.

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