Monetary policy

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Policy Analysis Tool Applied to Colombian Needs: PATACON Model Description

In this document we lay out the microeconomic foundations of a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model designed to forecast and to advice monetary policy authorities in Colombia. The model is called Policy Analysis Tool Applied to Colombian Needs (PATACON). In companion documents we present...

Policy Analysis Tool Applied to Colombian Needs: Patacon Model Description

In this document we lay out the microeconomic foundations of a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model, called Policy Analysis Tool Applied to Colombian Needs (PATACON), designed as a forecast tool and as a guide to advise monetary policy authorities in Colombia. In companion documents we...

Public Debt, Public Debt Markets and Monetary Policy in Colombia

Recent Behavior of Output, Unemployment, Wages and Prices in Colombia: What went wrong?

At the end of the last decade, the real activity in Colombia underwent the sharpest recession of the last fifty years. We postulate a non-triangular structural VAR model (Amisano and Giannini, 1997) to describe the dynamics of output, prices, unemployment and wages during the last two decades....

Risk Premium Shocks, Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland

This paper investigates the role of monetary policy in a small open economy, where exchange rate shocks are important. VAR models are estimated for the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland. Contemporaneous and sign restrictions are imposed in order to identify the effect of monetary policy and...

Sectoral and aggregate response to oil price shocks in the Colombian economy: SVAR and Local Projections approach

 

The opinions contained in this document are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not commit Banco de la República or its Board of Directors.

 

 

State-dependent Forward Guidance and the Problem of Inconsistent Announcements

Florez-Jimenez and Parra-Polania (2016) show that unconditional forward guidance (FG) performs poorly except in the most extreme zero lower-bound (ZLB) events and that for any ZLB situation it is better to resort to state-dependent (threshold-based) FG. The model of that paper is solved under...

Testing a DSGE model and its partner database

There is now an impetus to apply dynamic stochastic general equilibrium models to forecasting. But these models typically rely on purpose-built data, for example on tradable and nontradable sector outputs. How then do we know that the model will forecast well, in advance? We develop an early...

The 90-Day DTF Interest Rate: Why Does It Remain Constant?

The Effect of Monetary Policy on Commodity Prices: Disentangling the Evidence for Individual Prices

In this paper we study the effect of monetary policy shocks on commodity prices. While most of the literature has found that expansionary shocks have a positive effect on aggregate price indices, we study the effect on individual prices of a sample of four commodities. This set of commodity...

The Impact of Asset Prices and their Information Value for Monetary Policy

In this paper we explore the contribution that asset prices appear to make to fluctuations in the economy and to inflation, and hence to monetary policy, using a large international panel for the 1970–2008 period. We show that house prices are important in the determination of economic activity...

The International Cycle and Colombian Monetary Policy

The objective of this paper is to analyze how international cycles affect the real GDP cycle and so monetary policy decisions in Colombia. We estimate that cycles in world GDP, export prices and capital inflows are strongly associated with the Colombian business cycle both on impact and even...

The Macroeconomics of Remittances in The Philippines

This article first explores the cyclical dynamics of remittances, and then, analyzes the macroeconomic impact of remittances and the monetary policy implications. In this endeavor, we use the case of the Philippines, one of the countries where remittances are substantial. A dynamic structural...

The Monetary Policy Rule During The Transition To A Stable Level Of Inflation: The Case Of Colombia

During the transition from a moderately high level of inflation to an internationally accepted level, the target, the inflation rate, the nominal interest rate and the nominal equilibrium interest rate may be difference stationary. Policy rules estimation, however, is usually performed under...

The Risk-Taking Channel and Monetary Transmission Mechanism in Colombia

The recent financial crisis has brought to the forefront the need of a better understanding of the transmission mechanisms of monetary policy. The main step forward in this direction has drawn on work aimed at stressing the role of the financial sector in this transmission. Particular emphasis...

The Risk-Taking Channel and Monetary Transmission Mechanism in Colombia

The recent financial crisis has brought to the forefront the need for a better understanding of the transmission mechanisms of monetary policy.

The Risk-Taking Channel in Colombia Revisited

Levels of interest rates below historical norms may have enhanced financial instability in developed and developing economies during the 2000's. The risk taking channel of monetary policy transmission is a recent theory that explains the interaction between risk perceptions of the financial...

The Risk-taking Channel in Colombia Revisited

Levels of interest rates below historical norms may have enhanced financial instability in both developed and in developing economies during the 2000´s. The risk-taking channel of monetary transmission policy is a recent theory that explains the interaction between risk perceptions of the...

The Size of Fiscal Multipliers and the Stance of Monetary Policy in Developing Economies

In this paper we estimate the effect of government consumption shocks on GDP using a panel of 21 developing economies. Our goal is to better understand the reasons for the low fiscal multipliers found in the literature by performing estimations for alternative exchange rate regimes, business-...

The Use of Reserve Requirements in an Optimal Monetary Policy Framework

We analyse three models to determine the conditions under which reserve requirements are used as a part of an optimal monetary policy framework in an inflation targeting regime. In all cases the Central Bank (CB) minimizes an objective function that depends on deviations of inflation from its...

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