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An Exchange Rate Band in Times Of Turbulence: Colombia 1991-96

Graph 1 shows a conventional PPP measure of the real exchange rate in Colombia and an index of the relative price of tradable goods in terms of non tradeable. The common conclusion is that, since 1990-92 there has been a medium term process by which the RER has appreciated by as much as 26%. The...

Assessing the Effect of Payroll Taxes on Formal Employment: The Case of the 2012 Tax Reform in Colombia

In 2013 Colombia implemented a tax reform which, among other things, reduced payroll taxes by a total of 13.5 percentage points of wages. In this paper we evaluate the effects of this component of the 2012 Colombian tax reform on firms’ formal employment and average wages. We construct a panel...

Assessing the Macroeconomic Effects of Fiscal Policy in Colombia

The focus of this paper is on the short-term macroeconomic effects of fiscal policy in Colombia in a structural vector autoregression context. Government spending shocks are found to have positive and significant effects on output, private consumption, employment, prices and short-term interest...

Continuities and Discontinuities in the Fiscal and Monetary Institutions of New Granada 1783-1850

In this paper we study the structure of the fiscal system of the Viceroyalty of New Granada towards the end of the colonial period. Then we discuss how the tax system inhereted from the Spanish Empire evolved over the period 1821-1850. The conclusion that emerges from the review of the evidence...

Fiscal Multipliers, Oil Revenues and Balance Sheet Effects

Fiscal multipliers are different across countries and according with economic circumstances. The studies about the effect of a government spending shock on output have focus their attention on the behavior of consumption. However, the crowding out of investment is also an important matter of...

Fiscal Policy in a Small Open Economy with Oil Sector and Non-Ricardian Agents

In this paper we develop a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium fiscal model for the Colombian economy. The model has three main components: the existence of non-Ricardian households, price and wage rigidities, and a fiscal authority that finances government spending partly with public debt....

Fiscal Policy in Colombia and a Prospective Analysis After the 2008 Financial Crisis

The purpose of this study is twofold: First, it provides an empirical characterization of fiscal policy in Colombia over the last decades, by assessing the three most relevant macroeconomic factors: the behavior of fiscal policy over the business cycle; whether it has been coherent with the long...

Fiscal Policy Throughout the Cycle: The Colombian Experience

 

Global Risk Appetite and EMBI‑Colombia: Evidence on a Structural Break and the Fiscal Policy Role

This paper shows that the Colombian sovereign risk (EMBI‑Colombia) is mainly determined by international investors’ risk appetite, whose response is non‑linear and depends on the government fiscal stance. It is also shown that the relationship between these variables experienced an important...

Identifying Fiscal Policy Shocks in Chile and Colombia

Structural VAR and Structural VEC models were estimated for Chile and Colombia, aiming at identifying fiscal policy shocks in both countries between 1990 and 2005. The impulse responses obtained allow the calculation of a peso-for-peso ($/$) effect on output of a shock to public spending and to...

Natural-Resource Booms, Fiscal Rules and Welfare in a Small Open Economy

This document analyzes the macroeconomic effects of a boom in a small-open economy’s natural-resource sector. We study the effects of this shock on the most important macroeconomic variables, the resource reallocation across sectors and on welfare under alternative fiscal rules. We employ a DSGE...

Public Debt, Public Debt Markets and Monetary Policy in Colombia

Relevance of the fiscal-policy setup in the analysis of macroprudential and ex-post financial crisis interventions

In a previous paper (Parra-Polania and Vargas, 2015) we modify the financial constraint of a very standard model to incorporate the fact that international lenders take into account that taxes (or subsidies) affect borrowers’ income available for debt repayments, and find that ex-post...

Timing and duration of inflation targeting regimes

Central banks in G7 countries shifted to unconventional policy measures in the aftermath of the Financial Crisis, when faced with economic slack, financial instability and fiscal trouble. This shift ended a spell of rules-based time consistent monetary policy that started in the mid-1980s. I...

This document has been translated into English for informational purposes. Upon any query regarding its interpretation or enforceability, the Spanish version shall be deemed official, and will prevail over the English version.

Este documento ha sido traducido al inglés para fines informativos. En caso de cualquier duda sobre su interpretación y aplicación, se entenderá que la versión en español es la versión oficial y prevalecerá sobre aquella escrita en inglés.

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